One question that often come us is, “what documents do I have to carry in the car?”
When you drive a vehicle on Spain´s roads, it is compulsory for you to carry certain documents with you in the vehicle. These documents must be the originals, not photocopies, although a notarised copy is accepted (a version which has been copied by a notary and contains their official stamp).
You must carry:
Permiso de Circulacion
The Permiso de Circulacion is similar to what we might refer to as the logbook for a vehicle, which contains information such as the number plate, the vehicle owner and other details.
The ITV Card
An official document which relates to the technical inspection of the vehicle, the Inspección Técnica de Vehículos, or ITV. Some very new cars may not have this card as it is gradually being replaced by a centralised computer system, but if your car has one, it must be carried.
Once your vehicle is 4 years old it will have to undergo the mandatory ITV test. The ITV report details what happened during that inspection.
There are also some documents which are not compulsory, but it is advisable that you carry them with you too.
Carrying the insurance policy is NOT compulsory as the information is contained on a central computer, however, if you are involved in an incident you will need to know your policy details for the Accident Agreement, to exchange details with others involved.
European Accident Agreement
Again, it is not compulsory to carry the European Accident form, but it is advisable as it will help you ensure data is recorded correctly in the event of an incident. The forms are available in multiple languages and a laid out the same, so it also makes it easier for bridging language gaps.
It is also not compulsory to carry the information relating to the annual tax paid to municipal town halls.
You, as the driver, must also carry your driving licence. It is a criminal offence in Spain to drive without a licence and the burden of proof is on you. If you are caught without your licence you may well find yourself arrested.
Remember, it is mandatory that the documents you carry are the originals, not photocopies. The only copy that is allowed is one that has been stamped and certified by a Notary. Notarised copies of documents are allowed, but that is the only exception.